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Monday, May 18, 2009

When will the Pope next celebrate the Latin Mass?

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Sub tuum praesidium

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Wife of French President adopts un-Catholic attitude to Pope

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Carla Bruni criticises Pope Benedict XVI - Telegraph

Are you not ashamed, Cardinal?

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Are you not ashamed, Cardinal?
By Martin Mosebach

I have still a few questions: Martin Mosebach
For the writer Martin Mosebach, further clarification is needed in the affair of the Hessen Culture Prize. Can the Islamic doctrine on the Cross be something new for a theologian? Was the procedure fair? Twelve questions to Cardinal Lehmann.

1.
Eminence! Did you believe that you could reckon that the Hessen State Chancellery would respond to your notice that you would turn down the prize if Navid Kermani received it at the same time, taking away from the German-Iranian writer the already announced prize? When the high ranking Professor Fuat Sezgin turned down the prize because he does not wish to appear with his political opponents Dr. Salomon Korn a different procedure took place - they accepted the withdrawal and sought another candidate. Is the reverse procedure in the Kermani case to the one of Professor Sezgin not a little embarrassing for you?

2.
Was the Islamic doctrine on the cross and suffering and resurrection of the Son of God something new for you as a theologian? Were you surprised by hearing from a devout Muslim something other than a fundamental rejection of the Cross?

3.
Do you share the conviction of the apostle Paul, the message of the Cross is "a folly to Gentiles and to the Jews a stumbling block"? The question of which of two groups from the view of Christianity Islam should be assigned to, is deliberately omitted here.

4.

Does the courtesy of the court tea ceremony apply, not to raise religious differences very clearly, even in your long sought dialogue between the religions? Is the avoidance of stating unambiguously what divides, perhaps another reason for the disappointment at the failure of ecumenism between Catholics and Protestants?

5.
You have entered church history with the phrase "I've learned to deal with texts”, as when the the German bishops were commanded by the Pope to leave the government sponsored pregnancy advice service, it was reinterpreted as a support for remaining. Did this versatility not help you to interpret the abuse of the Cross in Kermani’s Guido Reni essay as a tribute to the Cross?

6.
Are you really unaware that such a reinterpretation was not needed because Kermani’s Guido Reni text actually calls out the way from an abuse to a homage of the Cross? Are you interested that this text is not derived from Kermani’s work, but stands in a series of meditations on Christian art? Kermani, for example, has written in the context of the description of an early Christian icon of the Virgin Mary as far as I know the only Marian text of modern German literature has been written? Cannot his entire work - from the highly publicized investigation "God is beautiful" to "Attar, or the horrors of God" –occupied with the repulsion and attraction of Christianity which be seen as unique in the Islamic world?

More soon

Cardinal Lehmann puts borders on religious dialogue.

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German original here

A German Tragedy

In December of last year, it was reported that the Hessen Cultural Award of 2009 would be awarded on March 22nd. The decision of the jury rejoiced in the spirit of religious dialogue. A Catholic, a Protestant, a Jew and a Muslim should be honoured; Peter Steinacker, former President of the Protestant Church in Hessen and Nassau, Cardinal Karl Lehmann, Salomon Korn, the Vice President of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, and Fuat Sezgin. 

Sezgin teaches and researches, even after his retirement, at the Frankfurt Institute for the History of Science, and is the successor to the legendary Willy Hartner. Hartner was an expert on the Arabic and Chinese astronomy. Sezgin has made unending contributions to the study of academic sources in the Arab and Islamic world. Very rightly so, the Hessen Minister President Koch could claim "the outstanding commitment of the four winners to inter-faith dialogue in Germany. For many years, they have worked for the peaceful coexistence of the three great Abrahamic religions - Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Their commitment to a respectful and tolerant relationship between faith communities is an encouraging example that can serve as a model far beyond our national borders." 

22nd March came and went without any further news of the 45,000 euros prize. Fuat Sezgin had in the meantime decided against being among the prize winners, as reported by the Board of Trustees, because he had reservations about Salomon Korn: during the war between Israel and the Palestinians, “he publically so commented that it was not acceptable for him to receive the prize given his political beliefs and his cultural understanding " 

In this situation, the Board of Trustees turned to Navid Kermani and told him that he was now to receive the Hessen Culture Award. Also this was a gratifying decision. The writer and journalist was born in 1967 in Germany as the son of Iranian parents and combines a high literary and artistic sensibility with an excellent and dedicated knowledge of the Koran and Islamic tradition. In 1999, his book appeared "God is beautiful. The aesthetic experience of the Koran. " He is a member of the German Academy for Language and Literature. Last year, he was a guest at the Villa Massimo in Rome. In the first instance, the decision for Kermani had the consent of the other winners. 

Against the Theology of the Cross 

From Rome however Kermani wrote an essay for the "Neue Zürcher Zeitung" which appeared on 14 March and which should have incalculable consequences. He meditated on a picture by Guido Reni, the "Crucifixion" in the Basilica of San Lorenzo in Lucina. Kermani as a devout Muslim had deep reservations about the Cross which he expressed in very clear language: "I'm basically negative about crosses." Indeed, he was even sharper: "For me, I dramatically formulate the rejection of the theology of the Cross: idolatry and blasphemy. " 

But if you read Kermani correctly , then it was only the starting point to further formulate ideas – leading to a very different view of the Cross. Guido Reni took "the suffering from the physical to the metaphysical. His Jesus has no wounds. He looks into the sky, the iris from the white of the eye has nearly disappeared: Look here, he seems to call. Not only: Look at me, but: Look at the earth, look at us. Jesus does not suffer, as the Christian ideology maintains that God is relieved of a burden. Jesus accuses, not why have you forsaken me, no, rather why have you forsaken us? "Before the altar painting, wrote Kermani further, he found the sight of so charming, so full of blessing, he no longer rise from his place. For the first time,I thought: I – and not only me, but everyone, could believe in a Cross. " 

Implacably attacked 

This bold, dramatic consequence of Kermani’s thought which for a Muslim must lie on the threshold of heresy, was not understood by Peter Steinacker and Cardinal Karl Lehmann. These leaders of a liberal theology of inter-church and interreligious "dialogue" objected to the newly envisaged prize winner - precisely because of the Cross. Both would not accept the prize if Navid Kermani received it at the same time 'because of such a fundamental and implacable attack on the Cross as the central symbol of Christian faith". The Board then asked Kermani for an "explanation" of his thoughts - this was rejected: as far as the person who is responsible is concerned, the texts speak for themselves. 

Now the award will go on 5 July to Salomon Korn, Steinacker and Cardinal Lehmann. Kermani learnt of his exclusion by the way, in a call yesterday to this newspaper - an additional tactlessness. As a consolation prize, he is invited together with Fuat Sezgin and the three prize winners to a panel discussion which seeks(of course!) "to trigger public debate”. The formulation can only be mocked, that they wanted “to reach a point that even such large differences can be reconciled not by talking against each other, but talking with each other." The Board of Trustees of the Hessen Culture Prize includes Frank Schirrmacher, publisher of this newspaper. He was not involved due to absence in the decisions on this year’s prize. 

Rapid decision

Why did the Board, after Lehmann and Steinacker refused their agreement to Kermani decide also not to award it at least to these two intended recipients? The Board of Trustees deems it "unacceptable", to withdraw the "already publicly expressed honour for their undisputed major life's work in the interaction of religion and culture to the personalities of Cardinal Karl Lehmann, Peter Steinacker and Salomon Korn." The Regional Government is obviously striving to accept Lehmann and Steinacker’s interpretation of Kermani’s understanding of the image and to make the evil verdict of irreconcilability their own. But the latest contribution of the two clerics to the interaction of religion and culture is for the time being the most striking part of their life’s work. 

One is amazed by the sudden determination of the ecclesiastical figures. Not least because even last Easter, the terms used by both churches for the death on the Cross was distant from a conception of sacrificial reparation: it was only as a sign of "solidarity" of Christ with humanity which makes the Cross still important. And one should remember a few years ago: The Bishop of the Northern Regional Church, Maria Jepsen suggested instead of showing the Crucified as the Cross has been envisaged for 2000 small children at play should be substituted. 

Record of failed attempts 

Lehmann, Steinacker and Korn receive the award "in recognition of their life’s work for inter-religious cooperation and the creation of a culture of respect." The State of Hessen "plans with the prize to point out that religion is a crucial part of the cultural life of a free society." For the record, there have been "two failed attempts to honour a Muslim citizen for cultural exchange on the basis of religious belief." On 5 July, now just two Christians and a Jew will be honoured. A Muslim apostle of tolerance with a life’s work worthy of honour as one will read at a later time in the list of winners has not been found in 2009. It is obvious who has been lacking respect. 

Where the greater disrespect of the Cross lies - in Kermani’s heretical ideas or in the newer cosy interchurch religion is a theological question, on which the last word probably has not yet spoken. Dialogue as some say after this demonstration is only possible where it actually makes sense. When things get serious, where one must start, one breaks off. From the faraway world of the noisy sixty-eighters, a phrase comes which well describes this case- "repressive tolerance". The farce around the Hessen Culture Prize is an invaluable image of German manners. Dialogue in this country offers at the same time an invitation to make ready a padded cell for the proceedings as you certainly cannot get hurt there.

Pro-life demonstration in Linz 1971

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The main square- now they are down to forty people who demonstrate every month outside the Linz General Hospital where abortions take place. On the same site, compulsory abortions were carried out in Nazi times.

A short interview with Engelbert Kefer, then Linz Secretary of the Catholic Men's Movement appeared recently.

What interests you about the history of the Catholic Men’s Movement
I find it today interesting with what feeling after the catastrophe of WW2, priests and laity have understood the serious spiritual difficulties and tried to deal with them. Priests and laity on the same eye level as “Ministers of the Apostolate”, as the phrase goes, was somewhat utterly new and had no tradition.....

What is your most impressive memory?
The big demonstation of “Action for Life” in 1972 on the Main Square of Linz. This demonstration admittedly remained without any political effect but it showed a distinctive sign against the spirit of the age. I organised it.

Cathcon- of you degrade the priesthood, the world will degrade the Church.

The top of the Catholic Men's Movement in Linz today- more concerned about being on the ball than anything else. But is Team Linz any longer Catholic?

Episcopal Role of Honour

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List of Bishops Opposing the Notre Dame Invitation and Award to President Obama